The Subject and scope of the book rotate around the trends of development of the legal affairs that concern with slaves, masters, and third parties. The book presents in the manner by which the colonial and also the antebellum judges as well as legislators tried to live with social issues that were affecting the slaves based on the common law.  Similar, it also presents the evolution of slavery in different states and the political, economic and also intellectual developments that took place during this era.

The author’s treatment of his subject is very vivid as it covers the events unfolding among the Negro community on their social, economic and also legal position during the times of slave trade. More so, the book also touches on the activities of the Negroes during this period and their advancement in the South and North America. For instance, in Latin America, there was the encouragement for cases of manumission and at the time, it leads to the freedom of Negroes. In this regard, a man who had freedom could participate in his cultural and also industrial lifestyles. In the book, the author shows that he is concerned about the unfair treatment and systems that do not care for other races, the poor and the slaves. It might seem that he had the interest of the disadvantaged in society in his heart when he was writing the notes.

The primary source is the main source that the author bases his text. He gets the information from first-hand witnesses and former slaves. In his presentation, the author gives a detailed analysis of the subject matter.  He explains that the individual liberty was meant to show that there is need to stop slavery since it affects someone’s freedom. He also said in the notes that blacks and whites cannot live freely in one society. The idea was a sign of the whites considered superior and the blacks on the losing side.

The book is presented in a pedantic manner as the author gives all the minor and major events in that happened. For instance, he states that the slavery law in America, especially in the south, had treatment for slaves as both people and wealth. However, the same law proceeds to have a reconciliation with this sharp contradiction through demonstration of the way slaves had their definition within the law as those items of wealth that have no guarantee of legal rights. In this case, there as an argument that there was no sense to have thoughts on matters concerned with the legal rights of the slaves. For example, even the lawmakers who could assist the slaves solely depended on the same slaves’ masters on dispute solution that only favored the slave owners while never bothered to hear the plight of the slaves.  Also, the lawmakers ensured that they came up with those policies that only led to the advancement of the slave owners and also paid attention to those which they believed were to be in the interest of the general public neglecting the suffering of the slaves.

The book well organized and constructed as it gives a step by step analysis of the events that took place. Tannenbaum’s thesis in this book is that the Iri Latin America, the Negro, who ended up becoming a slave failed to retain his freedom though managed to maintain his human personality. The society around him never gave him the recognition as a mere chattel he still kept the judicial and moral character, because he maintained his right of gaining or acquiring his freedom, he also managed to retain his essential moral elements within the moral that contributes towards the possibilities of obtaining full freedom. On the other hand, the Negro slave who lived in the Anglo-America had chattel that was legally defined. Also, as much as the law failed in completely doing away with the fact Iri was a human, it at the same time contributed towards making the Negro humanity more complicated to recognize and the same time gave the interpretation of a Negro as kind of human being who is tough to handle.

Finally, “Slave and Citizen” is a book that was first published in September 1947. On the same note, it has several editions since then that have been published and even translated into other languages. However, it is not the most recent in the field, as there are many books on the same subjects such as “From Slavery to Citizenship,” which has the same line of history. The book further explains that the Northern part of America that did not support the instance of manumission, the resolution was to use war with the objective of realizing the freedom of the detained slaves. In addition, the Negroes had to use their moral personality plus also their legal status quo in a manner that a human being deserves with regards to the recognition of the aspects. In this instance, it, in fact, has a great contribution to the development of the whole of the study’s background.  The author brings out a clear picture of how slave fought for their rights and the help they got from different whites who believed in equal rights for blacks and whites.

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